Family Care RomaOn finishing his studies at the seminary in Kraków, Wojtyła was ordained as a priest in 1946. In 1971 a new law approved on March 30th (n. 118) extended health care to disabled people and made provision for their rehabilitation in adequate institutions and their full integration into the workplace and society, eliminating any kinds of obstacles in the access to school, sport, and leisure.
In 1959 Augusto Giovanardi, director of the Institute of Hygiene in Milan, published the preliminary results of the experimentation in Italy of the Sabin attenuated vaccine 39 The results seemed to be extremely positive and the medical community was convinced of the need to start a mass vaccination campaign using OPV.
Children from the lower socioeconomic segment of the population acquired infection and consequent immunity at an earlier age than did those in the higher social classes Badante Roma which produced an inverse correlation between health condition, as measured by Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), and polio cases per million of the population.
The patients ranged in age from 14 months to 14 years, and provision was made for the suitable education and professional training of the older children 34 The Centre rapidly became a national training institution for the "orthopaedic technicians" and "rehabilitation therapists".
This Institute played a major role in the treatment and rehabilitation of polio patients in the following decades 9 A special law for "the assistance and the care of poor patients affected with the sequelae of acute anterior poliomyelitis" was issued by the Fascist government on June 10, 1940, in the same session that declared war on Great Britain and France.
Finally, with regard to the main outcome for deceased patients, a large proportion of assisted patients died at home, (respectively nearly 75% and 80% for cancer and non-cancer patients) whereas a lower percentage of deaths occurred at the hospital (around 10%).
At a European level, Italy shows a large participation at the call Horizon 2020,” the biggest EU Research and Innovation program up to now ( ). Within its work programs, several projects are oriented toward the older population and aim to accomplish the following goals: to promote healthy and active aging, study mechanisms underlying age-related diseases, improve disease detection and management, and test new technologies and new organizational models for the sustainability of the health care system.
About two-thirds of the web survey respondents were nurses employed in district agencies, while one-third of the respondents were nurses who, at the time of the survey, had completed or were in the process of completing a post-basic training course in family and community health nursing or a similar programme.